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AACN awards Impact Research Grant to College of Nursing's Margaret Campbell

April 24, 2013

The American Association of Critical-Care Nurses (AACN) recently awarded an AACN Impact Research Grant to Margaret "Meg" Campbell, RN, PhD, FAAN, a nationally known expert in hospital-based palliative care and end-of-life issues. Campbell and her research team at Wayne State University, will investigate the potential for standardizing ventilator withdrawal for patients at the end of life. The study is designed to develop an empirically driven, nurse-led approach to patient comfort during the ventilator withdrawal process, reducing patient suffering and family distress. Nearly half a million patients undergo ventilator withdrawal each year, but there is little empirical evidence to inform this common procedure. With no accepted evidence-based best practices guiding ventilator withdrawal, clinicians rely on intuition, varying levels of experience or customary local practice. The researchers will compare outcomes for patients who received a new approach to patients who received usual care. Data from this research will be used to guide additional testing of the algorithm in a future randomized trial.